NASA Full Form | NASA full Information | NASA completed Missions:
In Today publication, we will know the full form of NASA. Everyone must have heard the name of NASA many times, but many people do not know the full form of NASA. Then I thought why not write a publication on this subject, what is the full form of NASA. So today, we know everything about NASA, its contribution in science ,technology and space research, Future plans of NASA,the history of NASA, from where they started, to know about NASA completed missions. We cover all topic related to NASA. We all hear the name of NASA every time there is a new space-related update. Today in this publication we will also know what is NASA Full Form. So let us know what the complete form of NASA , so let’s first know what NASA is: –
What is NASA:-
NASA is an independent branch of the United States of America which was established on 29 July 1958 by president Dwight D. Eisenhower. Its headquarters is located in Washington D. C., which employs about 17219 employees. It has motto for the “Benefit of All”. NASA deals with the development of peaceful applications in space science and is in charge of American science and technology. It is related to space exploration and airplanes.
NASA’s predecessor institution was known as the National Aeronautics Advisory Committee. Currently, NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine, who took office on April 23, 2018 and Jeff Dewitt is the financial director of this institution. Your administrative job is to lead the NASA team and manage your resources. On the other hand, the financial director’s job is to manage NASA’s budget and provide leadership in the preparation and presentation of annual financial and budgetary reports.36% of people working at NASA are from India and of Indian origin.
Currently, NASA is run by an administrator. As of July 2019, Jim Bridenstine is the 13th administrator of NASA and James W. Morhard is the 14th deputy administrator of NASA. Today there are 10 NASA centers located across the United States, including seven testing and research facilities, employing nearly 17219 people for NASA, the most famous job being NASA’s job as a space-man Considered, but remember, space-man makes up only a small fraction of the workforce, with many engineers and scientists working at NASA.
NASA Full Form
N stands for National
A stands for Aeronautics
S stands for Space
A stands for Administration.
NASA’s main mission is “to be pioneers in the future of space exploration, scientific discovery and aeronautical research.”
And you may know that since February 2006, NASA’s goal is to advance in space research and the scientific exploration of aeronautics and aerospace, NASA announced since September 14, 2011 that they have chosen a new system design space that allows the organization’s passengers to travel. Far and wide in space.
History of NASA:-
NASA was founded in 1958 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. On July 29, 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Law was passed. This institution was formed under this law and its predecessor national advisory committee for aeronautics (NACA) merged with this institution. NASA began operating since October 1, 1958, since then it has achieved incredible amazing successes. These successes include the landing mission on the Apollo Moon, the Skylab space station and the space shuttle, etc. The first administrator of NASA was T. Keith Glennan and Daniel Goldin has been the longest term administrator for almost 10 years. And for the longest period John R. Dailey was deputy administrator. The position of Chief Scientist at NASA is the most important scientific position. The first chief scientist of this institution, Dr. Frank B. McDonald was.
NASA SUCCESSFUL MISSIONS :-
1. Pioneer Program
The Pioneer program is one of the many missions of NASA. The program included many vehicles and rockets, but the most famous of all are the Pioneer 10 and the Pioneer 11. The Pioneer 10 weighs 285 kg. It was launched into space on March 2, 1972 by NASA through a rocket. The Pioneer 11 weighs 259 kg, which was launched into space on March 6, 1973 through a rocket. Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 became the first vehicles to send images of Jupiter (Jupiter) and Saturn (Saturn) to Earth.
2. Apollo 11
The Apollo 11 mission is one of NASA’s successful missions. This mission is seen as a great success of NASA. Apollo 11 was the mission in which humans first came to the moon. The first human to step on the moon is Neil Armstrong. The crew of this mission was Commander Neil Armstrong, the Lunar Module Pilot Aldrin and the Command Module Pilot Michael Collins.
Apollo 11 was launched on July 16, 1969 from Kennedy LC-39 A located on Merritt Island. Armstrong and Aldrin landed on the moon in the sea of tranquility and became the first humans to step on the moon on July 21,1969. On July 24, 1969, the three astronauts landed on Earth (Pacific Ocean). This mission was 8 days, 3 hours, 18 minutes, 35 seconds long. After this success, between 1969 and 1972, 6 Apollo were sent to the moon, of which five managed to land on the moon.
3. Voyager Program
The Voyager program is an American scientific program in which Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 were launched. voyager 2 was launched before voyager 1 on August 20, 1977. voyager 1 weighed 722 kg, which was a robotic space probe launched on 5 September 1977. The purpose of the Voyager was to study planets like Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Uranus. Voyager 2 took a picture of the moon of the Jupiter and discovered an active volcano in it. Voyager also discovered 10 new moons of Uranus. Visitor 2 also discovered a large dark spot on this planet as it approached Neptune.
4. Hubble Space Telescope
The Hubble Space Telescope is an astronomical telescope located in space as an artificial satellite. Hubble space telescope was established in his class on April 25, 1990. It was built by NASA with the help of the European Space Agency. It was named after the American astronomer Edwin Ponwell Hubble.
The spitzer space telescope is placed in space as an artificial satellite. It was launched by NASA in 2003 with the help of rockets. Previously it was called the installation of the space infrared telescope (SIRTF). Its purpose is to study stars, galaxies and planetary disks.
6.Wikinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP)
The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), originally known as the Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP), was a spacecraft that operated from 2001 to 2010 and measured temperature differences in the sky at the cosmic microwave background (CMB) ): It was Directed by Professor Charles L. Bennett of Johns Hopkins University, The mission was developed in a joint partnership between NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and Princeton University.
Curiosity is a rover the size of a car designed to explore the Gale crater on Mars as part of NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory mission. Curiosity was launched from Cape Canaveral on November 26, 2011 at 15:02 UTC and landed at Aeolis Palus inside Gale on Mars on August 6, 2012.
Gemini 4 (officially Gemini IV) was the second manned space flight in NASA’s Gemini Project, which took place in June 1965. It was the 10th U.S. manned space flight . Astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White circled around Earth 66 times in four days, making it the first US flight to approach the five-day flight of the Soviet Vostok 5. The highlight of the mission was the first spacewalk of an American, during which White floated freely outside the spaceship, tied to it, for approximately 20 minutes. Both achievements helped the United States overcome the initial leadership of the Soviet Union in the space race.
The Cassini-Huygens space research mission, commonly called Cassini, involved a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Italian Space Agency (ASI) to send a probe to study the planet Saturn and its system, including its natural rings and satellites The flagship-class robotic spacecraft comprised both NASA’s Cassini probe and ESA’s Huygens landing module, which landed on Saturn’s largest moon, Titan. it was the 4th space probe to visit Saturn and the first to enter its orbit. The two ships took their names from astronomers Giovanni Cassini and Christiaan Huygens
10.Mercury Atlas 6
Mercury-Atlas 6 (MA-6) was the first American orbital space flight, which took place on February 20, 1962. Piloted by astronaut John Glenn and operated by NASA as part of the Mercury Project, it was the 5th human space flight , preceded by the Soviet Vostok 1 and 2 orbital flights and American suborbital flights Mercury-Redstone 3 and 4.
The Mercury spacecraft, called Friendship 7, was taken into orbit by an Atlas LV-3B launch vehicle taking off from Launch Complex 14 in Cape Canaveral, Florida. After three orbits, the spacecraft re-entered Earth’s atmosphere, dove into the North Atlantic Ocean and was safely carried aboard the USS Noa. The total flight time of the mission was four hours, 55 minutes and 23 seconds.
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Upcoming NASA missions:-
1..NASA Mars Rover Lauches Toward Mars (2020)
Mars 2020 is a rover sent to Mars which will be launched in the coming year 2020. The purpose of launching this rover is to find life on Mars.
2. Europe Clipper
The Europa clipper will test Jupiter’s moon Europa and test the possibility of life on it. It will be launched in 2020.
3.SpaceX To Launch Starlink Fleet (2020)
NASA astronauts will be launched by SpaceX in early 2020
4.SpaceX To Launch Crewed Starship Flight (2020)
Euclid is the mission of the European Space Agency, NASA is a major contributor. It will be launched in 2021.
6. ExoMars Reaches the Martian Surface (2021)
The Rosalind Franklin rover from ExoMars will land in 2021 and is designed to autonomously navigate the Martian surface.
7.The James Webb Telescope Finally Begins Its Mission (2021)
8. Surface water and ocean topography (SWOT)
SWOT is designed to survey the surface water of the Earth. It will be launched in 2021.
9. Orbiting Carbon Observatory 3 (OCO-3)
OCO-3 is a space instrument designed to test the partition of carbon dioxide on Earth.
10.NASA’s Artemis Mission To The Moon (2024)
11.The U.S. Habitat Arrives at the Lunar Gateway (2025)
12.NASA Glimpses Psyche For the First Time (2026)
13.NASA’s Dragonfly Mission to Titan (2026)
14.NASA Mission to Mars (2030s)
So friends, today we read about NASA, what is the full form of NASA . I also told you many important things related to NASA: NASA history, NASA’s successful mission, NASA’s next mission, and we are trying to cover the whole topic related to NASA, I hope you understand everything, answer what you are searching and clarifying all your doubts related to NASA. I hope you liked this post. kindly share it.