What should you know about the new coronavirus (COVID-19)? How to protect yourself?
The outbreak of the new coronavirus COVID-19 remains a global health challenge. Never seen a virus has spread from Wuhan to many countries around the world, such as India, Iran, Italy, Spain Japan, Korea, Thailand, Singapore, and the United States. Some answers provided by experts can help us answer some common questions from parents. Here is information about the new virus, the steps you have taken to prevent the continued spread of the new coronavirus, and how to protect yourself from the threat of infection.
What is a coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a collective name for a group of viruses that refer to viruses that can infect both humans and animals. COVID-19 is a new variant of a very common virus family called coronavirus that can cause respiratory infections, from the common cold to more serious diseases such as Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Although coronaviruses are most commonly found in animals such as cattle, cats, and bats, in some cases, coronaviruses can be transmitted and spread between humans, such as COVID-19 and SARS, which caused nearly 8,000 when they broke out in 2003. People are sick.
They can cause respiratory diseases. Minor illnesses are like the common cold and severe illnesses can develop into pneumonia. Animal coronaviruses infect humans and spread among humans is extremely rare. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), which broke out in March 2002, is a typical case of coronavirus transmission from animals to humans. In 2012, another significant and recently emerging coronavirus strain, called MERS (Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome), emerged in the Middle East. Scientists said it was originally transferred from camel to human.
Should I be concerned if the test results show a “coronal virus” infection?
Most coronavirus diagnoses are equivalent to having a common cold or flu. Remember that the term “coronavirus” covers the entire virus family. Coronavirus positive results do not require panic. However, if the test result is positive, please actively cooperate with the physician or the nursing team.
How is coronavirus spread? How to protect yourself?
Although earlier reports of COVID-19 were related to Wuhan’s market for selling live animals and seafood, human-to-human transmission has been confirmed since. Coronaviruses are usually transmitted from person to person through coughing and sneezing, in close contact with infected persons, or on infected surfaces, intimate contact (such as touching or shaking hands) or touching a surface with the virus, and then touching the eyes, nose, or mouth without washing hands. In short, it spreads like the flu. To prevent new coronavirus infections, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends following basic hygiene habits, such as washing hands frequently, keeping your body hydrated, covering your nose and mouth with your hands or paper towels when coughing, and staying home when you are sick.
What are the symptoms of the new coronavirus?
Those infected with the current COVID-19 can produce a range of symptoms mild to severe respiratory diseases, including fever, cough, shortness of breath, sore throat, and runny nose. Most coronavirus infections cause only the common cold; more serious bacterial infections can cause severe pneumonia that requires hospitalization. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that the symptoms of the new COVID-19 include “symptoms of fever and lower respiratory illness (such as coughing, difficulty breathing) and in some cases pneumonia and inflammation of the lungs. Symptoms may occur between 2 and 14 days after exposure.” Recent trips to certain areas with confirmed cases or contact with suspected virus carriers are at risk of infection.
People with any of the following symptoms:
- Shortness of breath
Is coronavirus curable?
There is no vaccine and antibiotics are not effective against the virus. Without any specific treatment plan, the medical staff usually treat the patient’s existing symptoms to make the patient feel comfortable.
What symptoms indicate a medical need?
If you have travelled internationally within the past two weeks and have a fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention immediately. If you have recently traveled internationally, call your doctor or emergency room in advance to learn about your symptoms and tell them about the area you have been to recently. Ask your child to follow these guidelines as well. If your child has symptoms of coronavirus, please call and tell them before going to the emergency room.
How to protect yourself?
- The Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that you protect yourself from the flu and practice good hygiene in the same way:
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth without washing your hands.
- Avoid close contact with sick people.
- Stay at home when sick.
- Cover your cough or sneeze with a paper towel and throw it into the trash.
- Cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched objects and surfaces.
- The COVID-19 vaccine is under development and is expected to be on the market by the end of 2020.
With the spread of the new COVID-19 worldwide, the outbreak of the new COVID-19 has put many families around the world, including India, Iran, Italy, Spain Japan, Korea, Thailand, Singapore, and the United States, on the brink of panic.
Are there any patient deaths?
COVID-19 deaths are being monitored globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) claims that deaths are usually elderly, and 40% of them have a significant underlying disease, which is consistent with previous outbreaks of coronavirus.
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